Terms in this set (27) why is biological sex difficult to test or measure? – much blending/many nuances so it becomes impossible to pinpoint one thing that determines what it means to be female or male. – social status, legal designation and personal identity.
- 1 How is a person’s sex biologically determined?
- 2 What is the best indicator of biological sex?
- 3 What is the biological basis of being male or female?
- 4 How is gender determined?
- 5 What factors make up biological sex?
- 6 Why can determining gender from a skull be difficult?
- 7 What are the factors determining gender stereotypes?
- 8 Are gender differences biological?
- 9 Is it easier to have a girl or boy?
- 10 Is there a YY gender?
- 11 Does DNA show gender?
How is a person’s sex biologically determined?
The factors that determine our assigned sex begin as early as fertilization. Each sperm has either an X or a Y chromosome in it. All eggs have an X chromosome. A person with XY chromosomes usually has male sex and reproductive organs, and is therefore usually assigned biologically male.
What is the best indicator of biological sex?
However, the pelvis is the best sex-related skeletal indicator, because of distinct features adapted for childbearing. The skull also has features that can indicate sex, though slightly less reliably. The differences between a male and female pelvis are compared below.
What is the biological basis of being male or female?
(c) sex is the biological basis of being male or female. Explanation: A person with XX chromosomes usually has female sex and reproductive organs and is therefore usually assigned biologically female.
How is gender determined?
The sex of a baby is determined by two sex chromosomes inherited from both the genetic parents. A baby will normally inherit one sex chromosome from the mother and one from the father. A woman has two X chromosomes and thus gives either of her X chromosomes.
What factors make up biological sex?
In humans, biological sex is determined by five factors present at birth: chromosomes, gonads, hormones, internal reproductive anatomy, and external genitalia. Sex is typically divided into male, female, or intersex (i.e., having some combination of both male and female sex characteristics).
Why can determining gender from a skull be difficult?
It can be challenging to identify the sex of an individual purely from the skull as it may not show all of the characteristics usually found in one sex or another, but by looking at each feature and identifying whether a skull prominently favours one or two characteristics from one sex, we can make an estimation.
What are the factors determining gender stereotypes?
Different Factors and Lineages of Gender Stereotyping
- Individual Factors. Physical and demographic differences.
- Cognitive Factors. Categorization of information.
- Family Factors. Family upbringing.
- Socio-Cultural Factors. Social and cultural status quo.
- Organizational Factors. Organizational culture.
Are gender differences biological?
Men and women are different in many ways. These differences include both biological phenotypes [e.g. 1] and psychological traits [e.g. 2]. Some of these differences are influenced by environmental factors [3; 4]. Yet, there are fundamental differences between the sexes that are rooted in biology.
Is it easier to have a girl or boy?
But that’s not exactly true – there’s actually a slight bias toward male births. The ratio of male to female births, called the sex ratio, is about 105 to 100, according to the World Health Organization (WHO). This means about 51% of deliveries result in a baby boy.
Is there a YY gender?
Males with XYY syndrome have 47 chromosomes because of the extra Y chromosome. This condition is also sometimes called Jacob’s syndrome, XYY karyotype, or YY syndrome. According to the National Institutes of Health, XYY syndrome occurs in 1 out of every 1,000 boys.
Does DNA show gender?
Sex. The simplest thing DNA can tell you is whether someone is male or female. Apart from some very rare cases, that doesn’t even involve looking at their DNA sequence – all you need to know is whether they have X and Y chromosomes (making them male) or a pair of Xs (which makes them female).